Two Author Bibliography Search

Authors in MLA Format

Authors are formatted the same in all material formats.

  • List first author with the last name first
    • Examples: Smith, John D.
    • Smith, John David.
  • Two authors are separated by a comma after the first author and the word and
    • Example: Smith, John D., and Rosemary L. Jones.
  • Only the first author's name is inverted. Second is formatted normally
  • List up to two (2) authors; above that number, use the first and et al.
    • Example: Smith, John D., et al.

Authors that are organizations, corporations, government entities, etc.

  • Do not invert or use abbreviations.
    • Examples:
      • United States Department of Commerce.
      • General Motors Corporation.
      • American Civil Liberties Union.

Helpful Tips:              

If a journal article has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) listed, you will always include this identifier in your reference.  You will not have to include the URL of the journal's home page or of the database from which you retrieved the article if a DOI is available

If you viewed a journal article in an online database and it does not have a DOI, you will need to do a quick search outside of the database to locate the URL for the journal's home page (pp. 191-192).  This information must be included in the reference.  If the journal is no longer being published and it does not have a home page, then include the URL for the home page of the database from which you retrieved the article (p. 192).

If you viewed a journal article in its print format, be sure to check if it has a DOI listed.  If it does not, your reference to the article would end after you provide the page range of the article.

General Format 

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Author Surname & Author Surname, Year)


      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

      (Author Surname & Author Surname, Year, page number)



      Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second 

            Initial. (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(issue), page range.

            doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx OR Retrieved from URL of journal home page [if available].  


Example 1


      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

      (Paterson & Thorne, 2003)


      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

      (Paterson & Thorne, 2003, p. 30)



      Paterson, B. L., & Thorne, S. (2003). Enhancing the evaluation of nursing care

            effectiveness. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 35(3), 26-38.


Example 2


      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Sillick & Schutte, 2006)


      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

      (Sillick & Schutte, 2006, p. 43)



      Sillick, T. J., & Schutte, N. S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self-esteem mediate

            between perceived early parental love and adult happiness. E-Journal of Applied

            Psychology, 2(2), 38-48. Retrieved from



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