Presentation on theme: "Progressive Era DBQ Essay"— Presentation transcript:
1 Progressive Era DBQ Essay
Assignment 1: IntroductionGo through and answer the questions on the power point. When you have finished with the questions construct an introductory paragraph for the essay prompt on the next slide. Your paragraph will need to include a thesis statement.
2 Progressives sought to restore economic competition, make government more efficient, and create a more pluralistic electorate in American politics. To what extent were progressives successful in achieving these goals?The Prompt:
3 Restore Economic Competition
Who were the millionaires of the Gilded Age?How did they get their wealth?What was a “Robber Baron?”What were some of the negatives to “Big Business?”What did some of these Captains do to the competition?How did the majority of the people live in the Gilded Age?What were their working conditions like?Could they effectively improve their working hours, wages or conditions? Why or Why Not?
4 Make government more efficient
Who was Boss Tweed?What did political machines do to the democratic system?How did political machines continue to stay in power?Who did they feed upon?Were political elections fair during the Gilded Age?Fought to make lynching illegal.What is lynching?How were senators elected before the 17th amendment?
5 Create a more pluralist government
Why were the ladies fighting for the right to vote?What were some of the tactics they used during this fight?Who were some of the leaders?When did they get the right to vote?“Fighting Bob” aka Robert La Follette and his Wisconsin plan.What did he create that helped the people with transportation?
6 Introduction Paragraph
First impressions are so important. How many times have you heard that? It is true that the first impression—whether it’s a first meeting with a person or the first sentence of a paper—sets the stage for a lasting opinion.The introductory paragraph of any paper, long or short, should start with a sentence that piques the interest of your readers.In a typical essay, that first sentence leads into two or three sentences that provide details about your subject or your process. All of these sentences build up to your thesis statement.The thesis statement is the subject of much instruction and training. The entirety of your paper hangs on that sentence. But its function is to be informative and direct.This means it’s not normally very exciting.Remember to restate your prompt in some way.Introduction Paragraph
During the Progressive Era, pressure from labor, suffrage, and conservation movements profoundly changed the course of American history. Many of the reformers' ideas clashed with the male-dominated, capitalist economic structure present at the turn of the century. Some of the intended reforms opposed the current system, but the level of social unrest necessitated change. Businessmen and activists alike initiated the reforms during the Progressive Era. Government, due to the intention of calming the common man and quieting the seemingly more and more vocal middle class, supported them. In the final analysis, from the year 1900 to 1920, Progressive Era reformers were successful in bringing about reform to the United States.
Socially, America was gaining strength, with women such as Jane Addams, a women's rights activist, entering the progressive fight. According to a study, the percent of eligible voters who cast ballots in Presidential elections were at a somewhat steady rate from 1904 to 1916, ranging from 59-65%, but in the 1920 election, only 49% of eligible voters actually cast ballots. (Document J) Although some may argue that the percent decrease was due to most Americans not liking any of the elected Presidential candidates, and therefore not voting, this is untrue because this was the first election in which women could vote, which threw of the ratio of voters and non-voters. In addition, all four candidates running for the title of President, Debs, Roosevelt, Wilson, and Taft, were all progressives, and wanted to reduce the number of trusts. This gave all voters, men or women, no incentive to vote. In the end of the election, Woodrow Wilson won, with 435 electoral votes, while Roosevelt had 88, and Taft received a mere eight. During Wilson's presidency, some women spoke out saying that Wilson was "oppressing" them, and compared themselves to people being oppressed by Kaiser that were living Germany. (Document H) Although some may argue that in the beginning, women were treated unfairly, this was true, however, this just had a rough start, and by the 1920s, Wilson passed the 19th Amendment, giving women the right to vote. Aside from the women in the United States, the African Americans were in an uproar as well. Stated in The Crisis by W.E.B DuBois, "...black men were drafted into a great struggle." (Document I) Although DuBois argues that Wilson drafted many black men to fight against Germany, he did this to protect the United States on a national level. President Wilson was a sympathizer with the south, a fine speaker, a sincere and morally appealing politician, and an extremely intelligent man. Although some may argue that Woodrow Wilson was racist, in the end, he indirectly helped all workers, without discriminating against anyone. He passed many acts that helped the common man, such as the Federal Farm Act, Adamson Act, and the Workingmen's Compensation Act.
Although Wilson passed many small acts during his presidency, the most profound act he passed was the Clayton Anti-Trust Act. This act was considered a continuation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, and was said to give Sherman Anti-Trust Act its teeth. Unlike the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, the Clayton Anti-Trust Act defined a trust, and legalized strikes, as well as peaceful picketing. In the Clayton Anti-Trust Act it states, "It shall be unlawful for any person engaged in commerce...either directly or indirectly to discriminate in price between different purchasers of commodities..." (Document E) Also stated in the Clayton Anti-Trust Act, it was against the law for merchants to sell the same product to different customers for different prices. Wilson wanted everyone to be treated equally, so this helped to eliminate discrimination. Another major Progressive Era reformer that was successful a few years previous to Wilson was Theodore Roosevelt. The Progressivism spirit touched President Roosevelt, and his "Square Deal" was put in place to control corporations, protect consumers, and conserve the United States. Roosevelt put these points into action by regulating trusts for the improvement of the common man's welfare (Document A), creating the Food and Drug Administration, as well as creating Yosemite National Park.