Environment comes from the French word ‘environ’ which means surroundings. The environment means our surroundings: the air, the water and the earth.
Environment refers to the surrounding (both living and non-living) of the livings species. The human-beings, plants, animals and other living beings operate in the environment. Environment is also sometimes referred to as habitat.
Environment consists of both living and non-living things. Living things such as animals, plants, etc. interacts with both other living and non-living things. Similarly, non-living things such as soil, water, climate, temperature, sunlight, air, etc. interacts with other non-living and living things.
There is a close relationship between living organisms and environment. Ecology is the branch of science that studies the interaction between organisms and their environment.
The interaction of living beings, including human-beings, brings changes in the environment. Similarly, livings beings also display changes within them with the change in the environment.
Thus, the environment can be thought of in a way that is:
- General: the whole natural world can be referred to as ‘the environment’.
- Specific: an animal’s environment is their particular habitat, where they thrive.
- More abstract: a term that refers to the delicate ecology of planet earth.
Adverse effects of human activity on environment
Human activity has caused several adverse effects on the Environment.
- The discharge of untreated industrial wastes, and other unsafe substances into water bodies has caused water pollution.
- The air has contaminated because of uncontrolled release of harmful industrial and vehicular smokes into the air.
- Our environment also suffers from soil and noise pollution.
- The excessive emission of greenhouse gases has caused an increase in surface temperature of planet earth and ultimately leading to a situation called Global warming.
Also read: Short Paragraph on Environment
Human-beings and other living creatures depend upon environment and natural surroundings. We can save our environment by:
- Pollution control laws should be imposed strictly.
- Restriction on the use of fossil fuels should be imposed. In its place, the usage of non-conventional sources of energy should be encouraged.
- Emission of carbon-dioxide and other greenhouse gases should be strictly controlled to save our environment from the threat of Global warming.
Also read: Short Paragraph on Save Environment
World Environment Day
Every year, people and organizations around the world observe 5th of June as the World Environment day. The objective behind celebrating this day is to create awareness among people to take positive actions for the protection of environment.
Category: Environment, Essays, Paragraphs and Articles
Protecting the Environment
Every company should invest in our environment. We live in a time when the environment is in danger, so it is important to protect it. We need a healthy environment in order to survive, so we must protect it. We need to protect the environment now to help prevent health problems, to maintain the ecosystem, and to preserve the Earth for our children.
Pollution from factories and cars can cause damage to the environment. It makes the air dirty. Breathing this dirty air causes health problems, particularly for children and the elderly. Pollution not only increases spending on health care, but also decreases working ability. We need to control the amounts of pollution we produce in order to prevent health problems.
We also need to pay attention to the ecosystem. Plant life, animal life, and people all depend on each other. An unhealthy environment disturbs this ecosystem. For example, changes in the environments might cause a certain kind of plant to die. If that plant is food for a certain kind of animal, the animal will die too. If people use that animal as food source, there could be big problem. To avoid the big problems, factories should pollute as little as possible and use natural resources rationally.
If we do not protect our environment it will continue to get worse and our children will suffer the consequences. The air and water will be dirtier, natural resources will become scarcer, and more plants and animals will die. Our children won’t have as much natural beauty to admire. Even worse, their well-being will be threatened.
Without clean air to breathe, a healthy ecosystem, and a future for our children, the human race will not survive. That is why protecting our environment is important. If we have a healthy environment not only the company is going to make a profit but also workers, customers and community.
—originally published in March, 2007; updated February, 2016More Student Writing