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- Muharram is the first month of the Islam Calendar
- For the year 2015, Muharram starts on October 13 and ends on November 12
- The meaning of Muharram is “Forbidden”
- Muharram is one of the Holy months for the Muslim
- The 10th day is called the “Day of Ashura; Many Muslims fast on the this day
Muharram : (Short Essay)
Muharram is the first month on the Islamic Calendar that starts in the evening of October 1 and ends in the evening of November 12. Muharram means “Forbidden”. The tenth day of Muharram, which is called the “Day of Ashura”, is considered a holy day by the Muslims. “Ashura” means the tenth in Arabic. On this day, Shia Muslims mourn and respect Husein Ibn Ali, the grandson of Muhammad, who was killed in this month. They also read a book named “Ziyarat Ashura” on this day. On the other hand, Sunni Muslims fast and pray Allah on the 9th and 10th day of Muharram.
Muharram : (Brief Essay)
Muharram is one of the important festivals for the Muslim, next to Ramzan. Allah himself has persuaded 4 months in the Islamic calendar as sacred months, in the Quran. Like the other calendars in practice, Islamism has its own calendar. The months of Islam are named their own way. Among the months of Islam, Muharram and Ramzan are considered the most auspicious ones. This year, Muharram starts on October 13 and ends on November 12.
Muharram, basically, is observed as the first month of the Islamic Calendar. Meaning Forbidden, Muharram is considered as a month where the Sunni Muslims need to fast as they do for Ramzan. The 10th day of Muharram is considered as the holiest day of the month. The tenth day is called the “Day of Ashura”. Sunni Muslims believe they are supposed to fast and pray on the 9th and 10th day of Muharram.
Shia Muslims read a book named “Ziyarat Ashura” on the “Day of Ashura”. They believe that Hussein Ibn Ali, the grandson of Muhammad, was killed in this month. On this day, Shia Muslims avoid doing all cheerful things and mourn for him with great respect.
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Many rewards and blessings can be gained throughout the Islamic year, not only in Ramadan.
The virtue of observing supererogatory fasts during Muharram
The Messenger of Allah, salallaahu alayhi wa sallam, said, "The best of fasting after Ramadan is fasting Allah's month of Muharram." [Muslim]
'Aashooraa' in history
The practice of fasting on 'Aashooraa' was known even in the days of Jaahiliyyah, before the Prophet's Message. It was reported that ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, said, “The people of Jahiliyyah used to fast on that day.”
The virtues of fasting 'Aashooraa'
It is recommended to fast the ninth in addition to the tenth of Muharram.
If a person does not know when Muharram began, and he wants to be sure of fasting on the tenth, he should assume that Thul-Hijjah was thirty days—as is the usual rule—and should fast on the ninth and tenth.
Fasting 'Aashooraa' expiates sins
Fasting 'Aashooraa' when one till has days to make up from Ramadan
The jurists differed concerning the ruling on observing voluntary fasts before making up the missed days from Ramadan or other obligatory fasts like for the fulfillment of a vow. The Hanafi jurists said that it is permissible to observe voluntary fasts before making up for the obligatory fasts, while the Maaliki and Shaafi'ee scholars say that it is permissible but Makrooh (disliked). The Hanbali scholars say that it is Haraam (forbidden) and a person must give priority to the obligatory fasts until he has made them up. [Al-Mawsoo'ah al-Fiqhiyyah]
Muslims must hasten to make up any missed fasts after Ramadan, so that they will be able to fast 'Arafah and 'Aashooraa' without any problem. If a person fasts 'Arafah and 'Aashooraa' with the intention from the night before of making up for a missed fast, this will be good enough to make up what he has missed, for the bounty of Allah is great.
Avoiding innovations on 'Aashooraa'