Johnston McCulley. Author of Zorro
Mr. Johnston McCulley(Pictured above, second from the left)
Johnston McCulley, a popular pulp fiction writer of the 1920-40's, was born on February 21, 1883 in Ottowa, Illinois. He worked as a police reporter for The Police Gazette and as an Army Public Affairs Officer during World War I. A history buff, McCulley began his prolific writing career for the pulp magazines, moving into novels and later, screenplays. His stories ranged from crime thrillers to action heroes in Spanish California.
McCulley is most remembered for creating Senor Zorro, the fox, fought for justice behind a mask and masqueraded as the Spanish caballero, Don Diego Vega. Zorro's dual identity featured opposing personalities. Zorro was the fearless action hero riding at night to avenge injustice, while the languid Diego read poetry. Zorro first appeared in All Story Weekly, as The Curse of Capistrano in five weekly installments beginning Aug. 9, 1919. Silent film star Douglas Fairbanks, Sr., made McCulley's Curse into the screen classic The Mark of Zorro in 1920, setting the fox on a path of cinematic history that complimented his life in print. McCulley died on Nov. 23, 1958, just as the popularity of his creation reached a frenzied peak with Guy Williams starring in Walt Disney's weekly television show, Zorro.
Product Format: Paperback
Product Format: Pulp Replica
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Writer of pulp stories, best known as the creator of the character Zorro. Pen names: Harrington Strong, Raley Brien, George Drayne, Monica Morton, Rowena Raley, Frederic Phelps, Walter Pierson, and John Mack Stone
- The Stolen Story (1919)
- Tragedy Trail (1919)
- A Texan Rides the Trouble Trail (1943)
- Crutch Brigade (1944) (Written as Raley Brien)
- Death Plays Santa Claus (1945)
- News Year's Eve Test (1946)
- Demons of Disaster (1946)
Stories from magazines
- The Courage Club (1909)
- "When the World Stood Still" (science fiction serial in All-Story Magazine Aug 1909 onwards)
- Daughter of the Idol (serial in Railroad Man's Magazine 1909-10) as, by John Mack Stone
- Force Inscrutable (serial in Top-Notch magazine, Mar 1913 onwards)
- "Wild Norene" (novella, All-Story Cavalier Jul 11, 1914) IA
- "Rogue for a Day" (as, by John Mack Stone; novelette, Detective Story Magazine, Oct 5, 1916)
- "The Jungle Trail" (novellette, All-Story weekly feb 3, 1917) IA
- "Bricks and Beans" (ss, All-Story Mar 24, 1917)
Public domain in Canada
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Some or all works by this author are in the public domain in the United States because they were published before January 1, 1923.
The author died in 1958, so works by this author are also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 50 years or less. Works by this author may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.