Performing Arts Center Case Study

JT Performing Arts Center (JTPAC) - The first multi-centric cultural stage in Kerala, JTPac has been committed since its inception in 2009 to promote and preserve the country’s rich and vibrant traditions in music, dance, folk and theatre.

JT Pac is the only star member of International Society for the Performing Arts.

The centre was launched by Malayalam Film actor Padmashri Mohanlal and Choice Group Chairman Jose Thomas, fulfilling their commitment to preserve art and culture in the days to come.

The design of concert hall itself inspires the performers and excites the audience. It is recognized by artists, patrons and the media alike to be among South India’s foremost venues for performing arts.

A magnificent performance centre with 617 seat capacity, so ergonomically designed for the vantage view from all points with box seats , the air conditioned arena is replete with a spaced out lobby, cafeteria and hang-out joints. The right place to get inspired and interact.

A key aspect of JTPac is that it is amongst a handful few Performing Arts Centers across the globe, committed to offering fellowships. A not-for-profit organization, we support 14 Artists - as of this fiscal year- who need financial or medical aid.
Our approach : to be sustainable in our sensitivity to the field of arts and dedicate wholeheartedly to inspire change in the field of culture is being perceived. This, of course will be done through a transparent operational model, where trust , credibility and efficiency will be the benchmarks.

Our people : Dedicated core team with best intellectual and temperamental make up to nurture and guide the creative talent while effectively managing the multi-layered operational structure to yield results. Ingenious and committed, they work with artists, sponsors, associate s and well –wishers to power this noble vision ahead.

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Istanbul, Turkey

Zorlu Center, the symbol of new Istanbul, led by Emre Arolat Architects

The Zorlu Center complex is located at the junction between the Bosphorus and Büyükdere commercial hub that connects the city centre with the Maslak business district. It is one of the symbols of modern Istanbul, consisting of a 615,000m2 centre designed by Emre Arolat Architects that fuses commercial, cultural and residential areas.

Constructed on a slope, the complex is split into two parts. The area open to the public stretches 28m high, housing its commercial centre, cultural centre, gardens and public offices, situated on two slopes that are joined together by a large balcony over the Bosphorus. The private topography stretches from 32m upwards, and includes residences in three of its towers and a hotel located in the fourth tower.

The Zorlu Performing Arts Center, one of the largest theatres in Europe and the largest in Turkey, is located inside this complex. Managed by the company Nederlander, it specialises in large Broadway productions, and has two theatre areas. The larger of the two, Anasalon, with 2,300 seats, has a 24-metre deep proscenium and a 30-metre high fly system, and has the capacity for holding large-scale shows, such as operas, musicals and ballet performances.

Data sheet

Name: Zorlu Center

Location: Istanbul

Architecture and design: Emre Arolat (Emre Arolat Architects) and Murat Tabanlıoğlu (Tabanlıoğlu Architects)

Height: 107m

Number of floors: 32 (in the towers)

Owner: Zorlu Group

Total surface area: 102,000 m2

Constructed area: 615,885 m2


Concert Hall: 2,300

Drama Theatre: 742

Model: 128 Carmen

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Challenges and solutions

The main challenges facing this project involved ensuring perfect visibility from all areas and acoustic performance from the seats. The interior of the Anasalon has an undulated design, with banked areas that jut out between the different floors and rows with differing number of seats, leading to the creation of winding aisles. On the other hand, the height of the amphitheatre tiers gives rise to a steep slope, posing a potential challenge to the spectator’s view. In order to ensure that the chosen seat would be suitable to each of the particular areas, twenty different versions of the seat itself had to be designed, establishing tilt angles and distances between the different axes in each row.

Due to the slope between rows and keeping in mind the sight line in the amphitheatres, seats in the rows were designed at a 12° angle in the dress circle, and at a 10° angle in the upper circle, while the seats in the stalls are inclined at a 14° angle. Meanwhile, adaptable bases were used to neutralise the slopes in order in order to obtain the vertical position of the seats along the banked aisles.

The 742-seat Drama Theatre is very similar to the Concert Hall, applying the same technical solutions used in that theatre albeit on a smaller scale.

Product used

The Carmen model was extensively customised to fit perfectly in this grand theatre. This oversize seat has high acoustic features, owing to elements such as the beech plywood seat, and back and arm rests that counteract the sound absorption of the occupants. Each seat had to be adapted to the area where it is located, resulting in the creation of 20 different models, with a range of back and foot rests, and inter axle tilts. This seat has special ergonomic features, with its double curvature backrest for superior comfort. Finally, the seats also include the Figueras fire protection system as well as the Soft-System to offer protection from bothersome knocks.

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