Example of a Compare and Contrast essay on Art about:
Colosseum / Parthenon / art / culture
The comparison of two ancient architectural creations of humanity: The Coliseum and the Parthenon.
Why are The Coliseum and the Parthenon considered to be the greatest and ancient architectural creations of humanity? Why are the Coliseum and the Parthenon a stone-symbols of their cultures? What culture is more picturesque the Greek or the Roman art?
The Coliseum and the Parthenon are basically the greatest and ancient architectural creations of humanity.
The Colosseum and the Parthenon Essay
Introduction: The Colosseum and the Parthenon are basically the greatest and ancient architectural creations of humanity. In order to understand them better it is necessary to compare and contrast these two buildings. The first one is the Colosseum. The Romans by 80 CE built the Colosseum, which represented the power of the Roman Empire back then and now. The emperor Vespasian started its construction and Titus completed the amphitheatre. It is actually the largest amphitheatre in Rome. The Colosseum was build originally as an amphitheatre but was also used as a place for the combats of gladiators. Fifty thousand spectators could find a place in the Colosseum during a play or a gladiator combat.
The Parthenon was built in the 5th century BC and it was Pericles a famous Athenian politician who carried out the idea of building this temple. Sculptor Phidias converted this idea into reality. This temple of Athena is considered to be the most magnificent achievement of Greek Art as it is an immortal monument to the supreme quality of Greek architecture. The metopes on it are creations of the Severe Style of ancient Greece. Both, the Colosseum and the Parthenon are stone-symbols of their culture. So if the Colosseum is the “house of Rome”, the Parthenon is the “hall of Greece”.
The Colosseum was built to manifest “growth of morality” throughout theatre and art, and the Parthenon throughout democracy and politics. The phrase “Quandiu stabit coliseus, stabit et Roma” which means: “As long as the Colosseum stands, so shall Rome” is known all over the world and is the best one to reflect the message of the amphitheatre. It was built in the “blossom” of the Roman Empire and is also the symbol of its future glory. The Parthenon is a temple with Athena’s image inside. It is an altar to Greek god’s who made Greece a strong and powerful place. The beautiful ancient Greece, with its faith in gods makes the Parthenon the symbol of ancient majesty. The sizes of both of the architectural creations prove their designation. The Colosseum is 510 feet wide, 615 feet long and 157 feet high and the Parthenon is 228 feel long and 101.4 feet high. The Colosseum also became on of the greatest symbols for humanity – the symbol of unity, as almost all modern stadiums have the same shape. The Colosseum is indeed a unity-symbol as back in 80 CE both, the upper and the lower class men and women could enter it to become spectators. Both of the ancient creations have elements of the sculpture style of that time.
Conclusion: The stone of both buildings is stiff and the color is light, which makes a breathtaking impression. To conclude, both buildings reflect two greatest world’s ancient cultures – the Roman and the Greek cultures. Colosseum was made for everybody and the Parthenon was made for chosen people. The Parthenon has naturalistic elements, while the Colosseum is rather reserved and blocky.T hey both have similar aspects, but basically they serve for completely different purposes, which makes them absolutely different ancient Greek and Roman architectural creations.
○ Roth, Leland M. (1993). Understanding Architecture: Its Elements, History and Meaning, First, Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
○ Cosmopoulos, Michael (editor). The Parthenon and its Sculptures. Cambridge University: 2004
Greek And Roman Influence On Western Civilization Essay
581 Words3 Pages
Western civilization is what we call modern society that mainly includes North America and
Western Europe. But how did this western way of life come to be? Their are many different ways but mainly through ancient cultures. The two main ones are the Greek and Roman.
Greece with their golden age and Rome with its great Empire and Republic and also together. Their are many ways in which western civilization is like the ancient Greek civilization. They started the Olympic games. Greeks come up with the idea of an alphabet that it still used today. They were the first to think of the idea of democracy. They had common people participate in their government and to elect a leader. Their trials had an actual jury made up of…show more content…
Romanâ€™s also invented the numeral system that is still being used. First to have people living in apartments and to think up a welfare system. Romanâ€™s were even the ones that gave the planets their names. Because of all these things Rome had a big impact on western culture. Rome and Greece both had a major impact on the architecture of western civilization.
Rome invented concrete which is the #1 thing used in building today. They also used brick and glass. While the Greekâ€™s used marble, which is still applied today. They both built big, beautiful structures, many which are still standing. The Greek invention of the column, and
Rome with there favorite architecture shape, the arch, are both still very much used in the present especially on government and capital buildings. Greece thought up the idea of making sculptors of real people not just gods or animals. And they made it symmetrical which is how sculptors make them to this day. Romanâ€™s invented aqueducts and sewers.
They built great roads that were all connected and some are even still being walked on. All of these things are a very big part of how we construct our buildings and cities. In conclusion, with the Greek and Roman ideas and inventions they were able to have a lasting effect on the world. In one way or another Greek and Roman civilizations have helped develop math, science, literature, philosophy,